Tag: Immigration

The case for immigration
Unemployment

The case for immigration

But it is not long before they are overwhelmed by their sheer number and abandon efforts to repel them.
Get our daily newsletter Few things have caused citizens in Western liberal democracies more angst in recent years than borders and migration.
Or would the world be a better place if borders were more open than they are?
That is because workers become more productive as they move from a poor country to a rich one.
The second argument for open borders is a moral one.
Where someone is born is entirely a matter of chance, so there is no moral justification for compelling people to stay in a poor country.
Even if the world as a whole were to grow richer thanks to open borders, they say, poorer people in the migrants’ destination countries would suffer.
If a majority of these citizens oppose large-scale immigration (as is the case in several European countries), the government cannot simply ignore their wishes, even if it thinks it would take the moral high ground by doing so.
Most people are neither for nor against open borders, but somewhere in between.
Rich countries can and must do more to help those beset by war, persecution or economic duress.

Chile gives immigrants a wary welcome
Unemployment

Chile gives immigrants a wary welcome

From 2007 to 2015 the number of immigrants living in Chile increased by 143% to 465,000 people, about 2.7% of the population.
Last year, Venezuelans were the largest group of new arrivals, followed closely by Haitians.
Chileans should welcome immigration.
Haitians with higher education often do the same manual labour as their compatriots (other immigrants also have that problem, because Chileans are slow to recognise foreign degrees in some professions).
Venezuelans, he says, are higher up, in part because they tend to have more education.
While proclaiming that Chile “is open to and welcomes immigration”, Mr Piñera is trying to limit and control it.
Immigrants will have the same access to public health care and education as Chileans.
However, Mr Piñera said the government would get tough with people-smugglers and make it easier to expel anyone who violates immigration laws.
José Tomás Vicuña, director of the Jesuit Service for Migrants, says the changes are “worrying”.
Creole-speakers work in schools and health centres.

White House reviewing plan to restrict immigrants’ use of government programs
Welfare

White House reviewing plan to restrict immigrants’ use of government programs

The move continues efforts by the Trump administration to overhaul the US immigration system and the changes could have the effect of substantially tipping the scales in favor of high-income immigrants — all without requiring an act of Congress.
The changes could amount to an effective income test of immigrants to the US, critics say.
By including benefits used by family members of the immigrants, the proposal could also apply to benefits being used by US citizens, who may be the spouse or child of the immigrant applying for status DHS spokesman Tyler Houlton said the proposed rule had been sent to the White House Office of Management and Budget — the final step of the approval process before it’s released.
Since the 1990s, that has meant that immigrants shouldn’t use so-called “cash benefits,” but a large number of programs were exempt from consideration.
But the new rule would include programs such as some forms of Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program, food stamps, subsidized health care under Obamacare and the Earned Income Tax Credit, according to the latest draft obtained by the Post.
Rather, it authorizes the officers who evaluate their applications for things like green cards and residency visas to count the use of these programs against the immigrant, and gives them authority to deny the immigrants visas on these grounds — even if the program was used by a family member.
If they accept any public benefits — or their family members do — they could potentially be denied future abilities to stay.
That includes decisions about whether to use health insurance subsidies for them or their children, or tax credits they qualify for otherwise.
Immigrants are no more likely to qualify for these programs than the native US population, according to tables included in the documents, the Post reported.
There is no substantial difference in the rate between the two groups — in some cases foreign-born residents are slightly more likely to use a program, but in some cases the native-born population is, according to the tabulations.

Fewer immigrants = a weaker UK economy
Unemployment

Fewer immigrants = a weaker UK economy

A government committee said in a report Tuesday that the UK economy will “very likely” grow more slowly if immigration from the European Union is drastically restricted.
UK employers said they hire Europeans because those workers have skills that are scarce in the native workforce, according to the report.
European workers are also seen as being more reliable, flexible and willing to do work that Brits find unappealing.
Related: Why Britain needs the immigrants it doesn’t want Membership in the European Union means that workers from across the bloc are currently free to work in the United Kingdom.
But after a Brexit campaign and vote where immigration was a major issue, Prime Minister Theresa May has promised to reduce the number of immigrants coming to Britain after Brexit. “The British people want control of our borders, and after we leave the European Union we will ensure that we can control immigration to Britain from Europe, putting in place a system which works in the best interests of the whole of the United Kingdom,” the government said in a statement.
That’s not a priority shared by many businesses.
With unemployment at its lowest level in decades, some employers are already finding it difficult to hire staff with the right skills.
Agriculture, hospitality and healthcare are among the industries that rely on large numbers of foreign workers.
According to the Migration Advisory Committee, some UK companies may be forced to relocate in order to access European Union labor without restrictions, while other firms might go out of business.

Robots, unemployment and immigrants
Unemployment

Robots, unemployment and immigrants

Putting products back on the shelves will soon be fully automated, with robots doing the work previously done by humans.
In May 2016, the World Bank’s Digital Dividend Report, calculated that replacing low-skilled workers with robots in developing countries would affect two-thirds of jobs.
Today, automation already accounts already for 17 per cent of production and services.
It will account for 40 per cent within 15 years, according to World Bank projections.
It was generally assumed that a time would come in which machines would eventually do all production and humankind would be free of work, maintained from the profits generated by machines.
The statistics show that today, when people lose their jobs at a certain age, any new job they may find will almost always be for a lower remuneration.
Migration has become a major theme in elections.
However, statistics from the European Union tell us otherwise.
A study on Brexit demonstrated that immigrants had helped to increase GDP, and that the increase in productivity meant a global increase in employment.
It is clear that the real threat to employment for the large majority of citizens comes from robotisation, not immigration.

A government worker says he didn’t want to help ICE deport immigrants. So he quit.
Unemployment

A government worker says he didn’t want to help ICE deport immigrants. So he quit.

And as a legal secretary for the state’s labor department, Dyrdahl-Roberts would have to help process those documents — information that he said would no doubt be used to track down and deport undocumented workers.
It was not an easy decision, Dyrdahl-Roberts told The Washington Post.
I’m doing this because I have a child,” Dyrdahl-Roberts wrote on Twitter.
Montana’s labor department has received 14 subpoenas from the federal Department of Homeland Security since 2014, and the state agency is legally bound to respond to them, said its spokesman, Jake Troyer.
Between Trump’s inauguration and September, ICE officers made 110,568 arrests, a 42 percent increase over the same period the previous year.
One recent arrest involved a Polish doctor and green-card holder who has lived in the country for 40 years.
Another high-profile case involved a chemistry professor who moved to the United States more than 30 years ago and was arrested while getting his daughter ready for school.
It was an improvement, he said, “in kind of a way that a second-degree burn is less bad than a third-degree burn.” He has not talked to his mother in a decade and to his father in at least two years.
He began a Twitter thread explaining why he resigned, hoping somebody might say he had done the right thing.
But, he said, he hopes his decision to quit — and to do so publicly — will result in something far bigger than himself.

Trump admin considers rule that could limit immigrants’ ability to stay in US
Welfare

Trump admin considers rule that could limit immigrants’ ability to stay in US

Washington (CNN)The Trump administration is considering new rules that would make it more difficult for immigrants to be admitted to the US or get green cards if they or their children receive certain public benefits, including some forms of Medicaid or Head Start.
The plan could lead to substantially higher numbers of immigrants being blocked from staying in the US.
The law currently authorizes DHS to reject immigrants if they are or are likely to become a “public charge” — dependent on government.
Current guidance includes some forms of “cash benefits” but exempts a number of programs from consideration, especially those that support the children of immigrants who are US citizens and eligible for benefits that immigrants otherwise are not.
The new proposal would include programs like some forms of Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program, food stamps, subsidized health care under Obamacare, and Head Start education programs as demerits against an immigrant’s application to be in the US.
A source familiar told CNN the proposal is under active consideration by top levels of US Citizenship and Immigration Services and would be so robust only if it were the product of months of work and a substantial investment of time by the department.
It would still need to go through a full formal comment period once published before it could be implemented. “The administration is committed to enforcing existing immigration law, which is clearly intended to protect the American taxpayer,” Houlton said.
President Donald Trump and administration officials have called for a merit-based immigration system and have advocated proposals that would substantially curtail legal immigration and tilt the playing field toward highly educated and highly paid immigrants.
Huerta noted that many of the programs “aren’t necessarily what we would consider welfare and public services” and are used by many families in the US.

Trump shouldn’t deal with the Democrats on immigration: Dobbs
Unemployment

Trump shouldn’t deal with the Democrats on immigration: Dobbs

FBN’s Lou Dobbs discusses how President Trump’s critics, including Democrats and the GOP establishment, are trying to derail his immigration reform efforts.
A few thoughts now on the people who think they’re going to bargain with this president on DACA and immigration while attacking him.
The president’s critics are more focused on his rhetoric than his actions.
In this case, his rejection of a deal from pro-amnesty senators with colorful language.
I believe this is a president who wants to be liked, but the Democrats, the establishment don’t want him to succeed or give him credit.
In the year since President Trump took office, the market has gained $5.7 billion in value, unemployment is at a 17 year low.
The number of Americans who received jobless benefits last year at a 44-year low and Americans on food stamps at the lowest level since 2010.
More than 130 companies as a result of tax reform are offering bonuses or additional benefits to employees.
So mister president, a word of advice on dealing with Democrats… Don’t.
They’re not going to respect you, so perhaps they should fear you as you continue to deliver for the American people, especially when it comes to securing the border and enacting merit-based immigration.

Fact check: Trump overstates impact of immigration bill
Welfare

Fact check: Trump overstates impact of immigration bill

First, current federal law already bars most new immigrants from most federal public assistance programs for five years, so it’s misleading to suggest all immigrants can now “immediately go and collect welfare.” Secondly, there are exceptions to the current law, such as for children and pregnant women.
Trump also said the bill would curb access to welfare programs.
Current law already bars new immigrants from accessing federal means-tested public benefits for five years.
So what would the RAISE Act do to “prevent” new immigrants from immediately accessing public assistance?
First, among those admitted through a skills-based points system, not only the new immigrants, but “every member of the household of such alien, shall not be eligible for any Federal means-tested public benefit” for five years.
That CIS total includes a broad definition of welfare to include households that access the Women, Infants and Children’s program (WIC) — which is a food and nutrition program for pregnant women, new moms and children under the age of 5 — as well as the free or reduced school lunch program.
Neither the current law nor the proposed RAISE Act would limit eligibility for those programs.
The author of that CIS study, Steven Camarota, said that the RAISE Act over time would reduce welfare use among immigrants.
Although the bill would deny federal assistance to households headed by immigrants who enter the U.S. based on merit, those applicants are a minority of new immigrants and they are more highly educated — therefore less likely to access welfare, he said.
The exemptions in the current law that allow some children, pregnant mothers and refugees to access federal public assistance would remain for those who legally immigrate to the U.S. via a program other than the skills-based merit system.

Fact-checking the GOP legal immigration bill
Welfare

Fact-checking the GOP legal immigration bill

CNN took a look at the claims made by Trump and the bill’s authors.
So far this year, about two-thirds of immigrants are given green cards because they have family members in the United States, according to the Department of Homeland Security.
Claim: Only one in 15 immigrants come to the US because of job skills.
One of the authors of the bill, Arkansas Sen. Tom Cotton said, “Only one in 15 out of a million new immigrants come here because of their job skills and their ability to succeed in this economy.”
In fact, about one in seven immigrants in the first half of fiscal 2017 were granted green cards related to jobs, according to the Department of Homeland Security.
The high number of family-related green cards doesn’t mean, however, that those immigrants don’t have skills, said Doris Meissner of the Migration Policy Institute, an immigration think tank.
Claim: More than 50% of all immigrant households receive welfare benefits.
But that group includes both legal and illegal immigration in its calculations.
For instance, an economist at the University of California Davis, Giovanni Peri, found in 2015 that there is little evidence that immigrants depress wages for low-skilled workers.
A study from the University of Virginia found that for every job an immigrant has, 1.2 jobs are created.